The Program Committee is pleased to announce the following presentation for the York Sunbury Historical Society. Presentations take place at 7:30pm in the basement of Government House (51 Woodstock Road). A reception follows the presentation and are free and open to the public.
Speaker: Gary Campbell
Topic: “Confederation: British North America’s NATO?”
Date: 17 March 2016
Major (Retired) W.E. (Gary) Campbell served as an army officer for over forty-two years in the Canadian Army (Militia), Canadian Army (Regular) and the Canadian Forces. As a transportation officer in the Logistics Branch, he was employed in a variety of positions in units across Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom. He has a Bachelor of Arts (History) from the University of Western Ontario, a Master of Arts (War Studies) from the Royal Military College of Canada and a Doctor of Philosophy (History) from the University of New Brunswick. His dissertation was titled “Forts, Writs and Logs: A Reassessment of the Military, Political and Economic Dimensions of the Maine/New Brunswick Border Dispute, 1783-1843”. He is the author of two books, The Road to Canada: The Grand Communications Route from Saint John to Quebec, volume 5 and The Aroostook War of 1839, volume 20, in the NBMHP’s book series.
He has a passion for military history, with a logistics flavour, and has written articles for several journals on this subject. Since moving to New Brunswick, he has expanded his interests to include the military history of New Brunswick. This includes extensive research and writing about New Brunswick during the War of 1812. He has been intrigued by the defence implications of Confederation for many years and is looking forward to sharing his thoughts about it.
Mr. Campbell will be speaking on how of the many considerations that favoured Confederation, perhaps the least understood one is defence. The United States of America continued to be a security threat given the unfriendly state of Anglo-American relations following the American Civil War. In addition, Great Britain wanted to withdraw its military forces from British North America as a cost saving measure. Caught in this squeeze, the Provinces of British North America looked for a solution to their security problem. The best course of action appeared to be a mutual defence pact, one that would be known as Confederation.